Treaty of Brest-Litovsk explanation

The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was the peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918, between the new Bolshevik government of Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey). It ended Russia’s participation in World War I. The chief negotiator was initially Trotsky. This treaty was unpopular among many because it gave away too much land especially in the Baltic States and Ukraine, thereby losing almost a third of its rich agricultural production and almost a quarter of its total territory. The Soviet Government, despite deep dissatisfaction with the German terms, had no option but to accept; they had no troops able or willing to continue an unpopular war. Anti-Bolsheviks seized on this discontent at the loss of territory to whip up support for their (White) side in the Civil War.